【2018年华伦】一面题目+解析版









以下为部分语文试题汇总:

1、下列文学常识中错误的是

A 孙悟空以前是齐天大圣,猪八戒以前是天蓬元帅,沙和尚以前是卷帘大将,但是他们最后都跟着唐僧取经。

B”都道是金玉良缘俺只念木石前盟”中金玉良缘指的是薛宝钗和贾宝玉的姻缘,木石前盟指的是贾宝玉和林黛玉的爱情。

C《三国演义》中诸葛亮曾多次用火攻取得了胜利,有火烧博望坡,火烧赤壁,火烧七百里连营

D 最后一个是什么忘记了

2、下列哪一句诗描写的场景最适合采用水墨画来表现?(C)

  1. 落霞与孤鹜齐飞,秋水共长天一色
  2. 返景入深林,复照青苔上。
  3. 孤舟蓑笠翁 ,独钓寒江雪
  4. 接天莲叶无穷碧,映日荷花别样红。
  1. 李学士世衡,喜藏书。有一晋人墨迹,在其子绪处。长安石从事尝从李君借去,窃摹一本,以献文潞公,以为真迹。一日潞公会客,出书画,而李在坐,一见此帖,惊曰:”此帖乃吾家物,何忽至此?”急令人归,取验之,乃知潞公所收乃摹本。李方知为石君所传,具以白潞公。而坐客墙进,皆言潞公所收乃真迹,而以李所收为摹本。

李乃叹曰:”彼众我寡,岂复可伸?今日方知身孤寒。” 选项忘记了

  1. 下面的古诗中没有包含成语的一项是()

A.谁言寸草心,报得三春晖。

B.我劝天公重抖擞,不拘一格降人才。

C.人生自古谁无死,留取丹心照汗青

D.忘了

  1. 下列解释正确的:

A.三甲——前三名

B.囊括——中国代表团囊括 199 枚金牌

C.灯火阑珊——灯火辉煌

D.戛然而止——声音被别人打断,突然停止 6、(以下这题跟原题有一定出入,仅作参考。)

今年,国内最火的原创综艺节目莫过于央视的《中国诗词大会》,复旦才女武亦姝在

舞台上玩转流传千年的飞花令,激活了国人文化记忆的飞花令也圈粉无数。

在各种网络语泛滥的当下,这种全民复古行为俨然成为一道文化奇观。

要聊到”飞花令”,就不得不提及中国源远流长的酒文化。酒令是酒文化的重要组成部分,它在筵席上是助兴取乐的饮酒游戏,萌生于儒家的”礼”,最早诞生于周。饮

酒行令既是古人好客传统的表现,又是他们饮酒艺术与聪明才智的结晶。

“飞花”出自唐代诗人韩翃的名诗《寒食》中的”春城无处 不 飞花”。行飞花令时选用诗和词,也可用曲,但选择的句子一般不超过 7 个字。这里举个例讲讲这种游戏的规则。酒宴上甲说一句第一字带有”花”的诗词,如”花开堪折直须折”。乙则接 “落花人独立”,花在第二字位置上。丙接”感时花溅泪”,花在第三字位置上。以此类推,”花”在第七个字位置则一轮完成,可继续循环下去,答不上或答错的则罚酒。

尽管也是一种酒令,不过飞花令比”五魁首,六六六”之类的民间酒令高难多了,没有诗词基础的人根本玩不转它,所以这种酒令也成了文人墨客们的最爱。

在本季《中国诗词大会》中,节目组引进并改良了飞花令,为每场比赛设置一个关键字,不再仅用”花”字,而是增加了”云””春””月””夜”等诗词中的最高频字,也不再拘泥于关键字在诗句中的顺序。在场上选手完成答题后,由选手得分最高者和百人团答题成绩的第一名,来到舞台中间,轮流背诵含有关键字的诗句,获胜者直接挑战擂主。

“飞花令”是真正高手之间的对抗,挑战者必须在极短时间内完整说出一联诗句,这不仅考察选手的诗词储备,更是临场反应和心理素质的较量,因而”飞花令”的竞赛感很强,这是观赏性和文化内涵兼备,因此产生了强势的朋友圈刷屏现象。

  1. 古代飞花令和央视改良后的飞花令都”烧脑”,为什么?请仔细阅读全文后作答。
  1. 选出下列理解和分析不符合原文意思的一项是( )

A.央视《中国诗词大会》中的飞花令激活了国人的文化记忆,吸引无数粉丝。

B.飞花令是古代酒 令的一种。它萌生于儒家的”礼”,最早诞生于周朝,是古人饮酒艺术与聪明才智的结晶。

C.飞花令中的”飞花”二字出自诗句”春城无处不飞花”,行飞花令时可选用诗词、曲中的句子,但句子一般不超过 7 个字。

D.《中国诗词大会》中,节目组引进改良了飞花令,不讲究关键 字在诗句中的位置,具有很强的竞赛感,观赏性和文化内涵兼备。

以下为部分英语题目汇总(语法题 10 题,阅读两篇各 5 题,完形填空 10 题,总共 30 题):1、Is this _Ipad mini? No,_is at home.A.your,mine B. yours,my 其他选项忘记了

2、He has never seen……,____ he?A.did B.is C.has D.isn’t

3、A “once in a lifetime” spectacle will occur on January 31, which will be visible in the western part of North America, Alaska, and the Hawaiian islands. Dubbed “Super Blue Blood Moon”, the celestial event is special because of the following reasons.

Firstly, it is the third in a series of “supermoons”, which occurs when the moon is closer to the earth. The phenomenon is also the second full moon of the month, commonly known as a “blue moon”. Then, the blue moon will move through the Earth’s shadow, creating a total lunar eclipse in some areas. While that happens, the Moon will take on a reddish tint, known as a “blood moon”, according to NASA.

It has been about 150 years since the three events happened on the same day. “Weather permitting, the West Coast, Alaska, and Hawaii will have a spectacular view of totality from start to finish,” said Gordon Johnston, program executive and lunar blogger at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

“Unfortunately, eclipse viewing will be more challenging in the Eastern time zone. The eclipse begins at 5:51 AM ET, as the moon is about to set in the western sky, and the sky is getting lighter in the east,” he added.

Other places that can observe the lunar trifecta include the Middle East, Asia,

eastern Russia, Australia and New Zealand.(和原文可能有出入,作为参考,题目待补充。有一题是问”hardly”意思,A 几乎不,答案是 A)

4、”Ice flower” boy Wang Fuman on his way to school.

A local youth foundation in Yunnan Province launched a fund-raising campaign after a boy covered in frost became an Internet sensation in China.

Third-grader Wang Fuman received his frosted look and chapped cheeks after a 4.5-kilometer walk from his home to school on a freezing day in Ludian County, a rural area in southwest China’s Yunnan.

His teacher snapped a photo of him and posted it on WeChat, a popular Chinese messaging app. Wang’s story soon moved millions of Chinese netizens, who called him “ice flower boy,” with many making donations.

The Youth Development Foundation of Zhaotong City had received more than 500,000 yuan (US$77,000) as of Monday afternoon. The first batch of 100,000 yuan was delivered to rural schools, including Zhuanshanbao primary school where Wang studies.

“The donations will be used to help poor left-behind children who live in regions with low temperatures overcome winter coldness,” said Chen Yu, office director with the foundation.

According to Chen Furong, the county’s educational bureau head, local authorities plan to offer gloves, coats, hats and winter shoes to more than 1,300 students who study at schools at an altitude of more than 2,600 meters in Ludian.

Chen added that the authorities will install two heating furnaces in each classroom in 45 schools with an altitude of more than 2,000 meters.

(和原文有一定出入,仅做参考,题目待补充)

5、完形填空:

There is a zoo in my city. They have 1 new animals today. A panda a lion a koala and a giraffe. The 2 name is Molly. It 3 from China and it’s three years old. It likes 4 bamboos(竹子). It is very 5 and kind of shy. The name 6 the lion is Bill and it is from Africa. It is five years old and it likes meat best. It is a strong and dangerous animal. So don’t be near to it. The 7 one is Lorry. It is a koala of two years old. It is from Australia. It is very lazy 8 smart. It 9 during the day and at night it gets up to eat leaves. The last one is a giraffe. It is very beautiful. 10 name is Polly. Polly is four years old and it’s from South Africa. It has a long neck. It likes eating grass very much. ( ) 1.A. three B. four C. five D. six

( ) 2.A.lion’s B. panda’s C. koala’s D. giraffe’s

( ) 3.A.come B. be C. comes D. are

( ) 4.A. eatting B. eating C. eats D. eat

( )5.A.love B. scary C. ugly D. cute

( ) 6.A.of B. for C. with D. at

( ) 7.A. three B. third C. four D. fourth

( ) 8.A. but B. and C. or D. too

( ) 9.A. sleepping B. sleep C. sleeping D. sleeps

( )10.A.It B. It’s C. Its D. He

(答案:1B 2B 3C 4B 5D 6A 7B 8A 9D 10C)

 

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